Integration of spatial remote sensing data in AnaEE France terrestrial experimentation systems

The "AnaEE-SAT" project was set up by the infrastructure in 2022-2023 to integrate spatial remote sensing data into AnaEE france's terrestrial experimentation systems, under the direction of André Chanzy and executed by Hortense Chedeville. This project was funded by the AllEnvi national infrastructure incentive program in conjunction with the French Ministry of Research (MESRI), and by the "Investissements d'avenir" program launched by the French government and implemented by the ANR under the reference "ANR-11-INBS-0001 AnaEE France".

The AnaEE-SAT project focuses on remote sensing data, which is the remote acquisition of information about the earth's surface from emitted (solar radiation) or reflected (sensor emitting radiation) radiation. There are a variety of remote sensing methods, depending on the electromagnetic radiation targeted (infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, microwave, radio waves), the source (solar radiation or radiation emitted by the sensor), the acquisition platform (aircraft, satellite, drone) and the sensor.

The project used data from the Sentinel-2 satellite constellation, which consists of two satellites launched between 2015 and 2017 by the Copernicus program. It offers data in the visible, near-infrared, mid-infrared and red-edge spectral bands at a spatial resolution of between 10 and 20 meters. It has a revisit time of the order of 3 to 5 days.

As part of this project, a processing chain was created using the R language to download Sentinel-2 data onto the Théia platform. It calculates a battery of spectral indices from spectral bands, and estimates biophysical variables (LAI, fAPAR and FCOVER1) from green, red and near-infrared spectral bands, solar angles and satellite sensors. The output of the processing chain is a raster stack by spatial resolution (10 and 20m) around the shapefile, and a data table containing statistics (average, minimum and maximum) by plot. This table contains all the dates processed, enabling us to reconstruct a time series for each plot.

The interest of this project is to be able to visualize temporal and spatial dynamics on AnaEE France platforms, over periods ranging from 2016 to 2023. The platforms that have contributed to this project to date are Estrées-Mons, Lusignan, Laqueuille, Theix, Puéchabon, OPTMix, QualiAgro, Montiers, Clermont-en-Argonne, Paracou and Le Lautaret. Subsequently, the processing chain developed as part of the project will be maintained and improved by the AnaEE France teams and the EMMAH unit (INRAE) to enable other volunteer AnaEE France platforms to benefit from the project's results for their in natura sites.

In the future, this project could help validate remote sensing products, in particular the LAI product, with in-situ measurements carried out on certain AnaEE-France in natura platforms.

  1. LAI: Leaf area index
    fAPAR: Fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation
    FCOVER: Fraction of plant cover ↩︎

Publiée le 7 September 2023