Identification of a novel type of glucose dehydrogenase involved in the mineral weathering ability of Collimonas pratensis strain PMB3(1)
The exact molecular mechanisms as well as the genes involved in the mineral weathering (MW) process by bacteria remain poorly characterized. To date, a single type of glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) depending on a particular co-factor named pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is known. These enzymes allow the production of gluconic acid through the oxidation of glucose. However, it remains to be determined how bacteria missing PQQ-dependent GDH and/or the related pqq biogenesis genes weather minerals. In this study, we considered the very effective mineral weathering bacterial strain PMB3(1) of Collimonas pratensis. Genome analysis revealed that it does not possess the PQQ based system. The use of random mutagenesis, gene complementation and functional assays allowed us to identify mutants impacted in their ability to weather mineral. Among them, three mutants were strongly altered on their acidification and biotite weathering abilities (58 to 75% of reduction compared to WT) and did not produce gluconic acid. The characterization of the genomic regions allowed noticeably to the identification of a Glucose/Methanol/Choline oxidoreductase. This region appeared very conserved among collimonads and related genera. This study represents the first demonstration of the implication of a PQQ-independent GDH in the mineral weathering process and explains how Collimonas weather minerals.
Auteurs, date et publication :
Auteurs Laura Picard , Marie-Pierre Turpault , P. Oger , Stephane Uroz
Publication : FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Date : 2023